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Original

Vol. 5 No. 2 (2017): Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran

Pengaruh Terapi Psikoedukasi Keluarga terhadap Self Efficacy Keluarga dan Sosial Okupasi Klien Schizophrenia

DOI
https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v5i2.450
Submitted
August 12, 2017

Abstract

Klien schizophrenia mengalami penurunan kemandirian dalam perawatan diri, fungsi sosial, sehingga membutuhkan bantuan keluarga. Self efficacy dapat memengaruhi keyakinan keluarga ketika merawat klien schizophrenia. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh terapi psikoedukasi keluarga terhadap self efficacy keluarga dan sosial okupasi klien schizophrenia di Kecamatan Kersamanah Garut. Metode penelitian menggunakan quasi eksperimen dengan pre-post test with control group. Populasi yaitu keluarga yang merawat (caregiver) klien schizophrenia di Desa Nanjungjaya, Sukamaju, Mekaraya, Sukamerang dan Girijaya. Jumlah sampel 32 responden dibagi menjadi kelompok kontrol (16) dan intervensi (16), Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan quota sample. Pada kelompok intervensi dilakukan terapi psikoedukasi keluarga, kemudian sebelum dan sesudah intervensi dilakukan pengukuran self efficacy keluarga dan sosial okupasi klien schizophrenia. Kelompok kontrol tidak diintervensi, hanya mendapat pendidikan kesehatan dengan metode ceramah tentang perawatan klien schizophrenia. Penelitian menggunakan Perceived Collective Family Efficacy Quisioner dan Social Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perubahan bermakna self efficacy keluarga dengan sosial okupasi klien schizophrenia setelah diberikan terapi psikoedukasi p<0,05) dan terdapat perbedaan perubahan bermakna pada kelompok kontrol dan intervensi (p<0,05). Peneliti merekomendasikan penggunaan terapi psikoedukasi keluarga sebagai terapi modalitas pada keluarga yang merawat klien schizophrenia.Kata kunci: Keluarga, okupasi, psikoedukasi, self efficacy, schizophrenia. The Influence of Family Psychoeducation Therapy on Self Efficacy Family And Social Occupations Schizophrenia’s ClientsAbstractSchizophrenic clients have decreased in self-sufficiency in self-care, social functions,and thus those clients require family assistance. Self-efficacy, in this matter, can affect family beliefs when taking care the schizophrenic clients. Therefore, the study aims to determine the influence of family psychoeducation therapy on family self-efficacy and social occupation of schizophrenic clients in Kersamanah sub-district, Garut. The research method used is quasi experiment with pre-test and posttest with control group. The population is the caregiver family of schizophrenic clients in Nanjungjaya, Sukamaju, Mekaraya, Sukamerang and Girijaya villages. The sample size of 32 respondents are divided into control group (16) and intervention group (16), sampling technique used is quota sample. In the intervention group, family psychoeducation therapy is performed before and after the intervention (treatment), measuring the family self-efficacy and social occupation of schizophrenic clients. The control group is not intervened, they only received a health education with a lecture method on how to take care of a schizophrenic client. The study used the Perceived Collective Family Efficacy Quisioner and Social Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale. The results show that there are significant changes in family self-efficacy with social occupational schizophrenia patients after psychoeducation therapy aplllied p <0.05) and there are significant differences in control and intervention group of (p <0.05). Thus, the researcher recommends to use of family psychoeducation therapy as a modal therapy in families to treat their schizophrenic family.Keywords: Family, occupational, psychoeducation, self-efficacy, schizophrenia.

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