Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Original

Vol. 11 No. 2 (2023): Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran

The relationship between cyberbullying and the risk of suicidal ideation in adolescents

DOI
https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v11i2.2259
Submitted
March 16, 2023
Published
2023-08-09

Abstract

Background: Cyberbullying is a serious problem experienced by almost all countries. In Indonesia, the highest internet users are adolescents, so that adolescents are at risk of experiencing cyberbullying. Cyberbullying is bullying that is done through social media. Bullying carried out both traditionally and through social media has a psychological impact in the form of feelings of sadness and suicide attempts. Purpose: to determine the relationship between cyberbullying and the risk of suicidal ideation in adolescents. Methods: this study was a correlational study with a cross-sectional approach of 1.043 students from ten state high schools and four state vocational schools with random sampling. Data analysis used the Chi-Square test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Mann-Whitney test. Results: As many as 21.0% of adolescents involved in cyberbullying are at risk of suicidal ideation. There is a relationship between cyberbullying and the risk of suicidal ideation in adolescents p = 0.000 (p <0.05). Conclusions: The risk of suicidal ideation is not only for adolescents who are involved as victims of cyberbullying but also affects adolescents who are involved as perpetrators, both perpetrators and victims.

Article Matrics
Abstract views : 965 times PDF Downloads: 647

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

  1. Baldry, A. C., Farrington, D. P., & Sorrentino, A. (2015). “Am I at risk of cyberbullying”? A narrative review and conceptual framework for research on risk of cyberbullying and cybervictimization: The risk and needs assessment approach. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 23, 36–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2015.05.014
  2. Chang, F. C., Chiu, C. H., Miao, N. F., Chen, P. H., Lee, C. M., Huang, T. F., & Pan, Y. C. (2014). Online gaming and risks predict cyberbullying perpetration and victimization in adolescents. International Journal of Public Health, 60(2), 257–266. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-014-0643-x
  3. Cole, D. A., Zelkowitz, R. L., Nick, E., Martin, N. C., Roeder, K. M., Sinclair-McBride, K., & Spinelli, T. (2016). Longitudinal and Incremental Relation of Cybervictimization to Negative Self-Cognitions and Depressive Symptoms in Young Adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44(7), 1321–1332. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-015-0123-7
  4. Dennehy, R., Meaney, S., Walsh, K. A., Sinnott, C., Cronin, M., & Arensman, E. (2020). Young people’s conceptualizations of the nature of cyberbullying: A systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 51(December 2019), 101379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2020.101379
  5. Dewi, H. A., Suryani, & Sriati, A. (2020). Factors that influence cyberbullying in adolescents: A systematic review. Journal of Nursing Care, 3(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24198/JNC.V3I2.24477
  6. Duarte, C., Pittman, S. K., Thorsen, M. M., Cunningham, R. M., & Ranney, M. L. (2018). Correlation of Minority Status, Cyberbullying, and Mental Health: A Cross-Sectional Study of 1031 Adolescents. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 11(1), 39–48. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40653-018-0201-4
  7. Garaigordobil, M., & Machimbarrena, J. M. (2017). Estrés, competencia y prácticas educativas parentales en víctimas y agresores de bullying y cyberbullying. Psicothema, 29(3), 335–340. https://doi.org/10.7334/psicothema2016.258
  8. Geel, M. Van, Vedder, P., Tanilon, J., & Page, P. (2016). Relationship Between Peer Victimization, Cyberbullying, and Suicide in Children and Adolescents A Meta-analysis. 168(5), 435–442. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.4143
  9. Goebert, D., Else, I., Matsu, C., Chung-Do, J., & Chang, J. Y. (2011). The impact of cyberbullying on substance use and mental health in a multiethnic sample. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 15(8), 1282–1286. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-010-0672-x
  10. Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2010). Bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide. Archives of Suicide Research, 14(3), 206–221. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811118.2010.494133
  11. Hoff, D. L., & Mitchell, S. N. (2009). Cyberbullying: Causes, effects, and remedies. Journal of Educational Administration, 47(5), 652–665. https://doi.org/10.1108/09578230910981107
  12. Hutson, E., Kelly, S., & Militello, L. K. (2018). Systematic Review of Cyberbullying Interventions for Youth and Parents With Implications for Evidence-Based Practice. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 15(1), 72–79. https://doi.org/10.1111/wvn.12257
  13. Kim, S., Kimber, M., Boyle, M. H., & Georgiades, K. (2019). Sex Differences in the Association Between Cyberbullying Victimization and Mental Health, Substance Use, and Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 64(2), 126–135. https://doi.org/10.1177/0706743718777397
  14. Lozano-blasco, R., Cort, A., & Latorre-martínez, M. P. (2020). Being a cybervictim and a cyberbully – The duality of cyberbullying: A meta-analysis. 111(May). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106444
  15. Merrill, R. M., & Hanson, C. L. (2016). Risk and protective factors associated with being bullied on school property compared with cyberbullied. BMC Public Health, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-2833-3
  16. Miranda-Mendizabal, A., Castellví, P., Parés-Badell, O., Alayo, I., Almenara, J., Alonso, I., Blasco, M. J., Cebrià, A., Gabilondo, A., Gili, M., Lagares, C., Piqueras, J. A., Rodríguez-Jiménez, T., Rodríguez-Marín, J., Roca, M., Soto-Sanz, V., Vilagut, G., & Alonso, J. (2019). Gender differences in suicidal behavior in adolescents and young adults: systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. International Journal of Public Health, 64(2), 265–283. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1196-1
  17. Müller, C. R., Pfetsch, J., & Ittel, A. (2014). Ethical media competence as a protective factor against cyberbullying and cybervictimization among german school students. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 17(10), 644–651. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2014.0168
  18. Primananda, M., & Keliat, B. A. (2019). Risk and Protective Factors of Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents. Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing, 42(sup1), 179–188. https://doi.org/10.1080/24694193.2019.1578439
  19. Ribeiro, J. D., Franklin, J. C., Fox, K. R., Bentley, K. H., Kleiman, E. M., Chang, B. P., & Nock, M. K. (2016). Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors as risk factors for future suicide ideation, attempts, and death: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Medicine, 46(2), 225–236. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291715001804
  20. Roberts, N., Axas, N., Nesdole, R., & Repetti, L. (2016a). Pediatric Emergency Department Visits for Mental Health Crisis : Prevalence of Cyber-Bullying in Suicidal Youth. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 2(2012), 2–5. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10560-016-0442-8
  21. Roberts, N., Axas, N., Nesdole, R., & Repetti, L. (2016b). Pediatric Emergency Department Visits for Mental Health Crisis: Prevalence of Cyber-Bullying in Suicidal Youth. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 33(5), 469–472. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10560-016-0442-8
  22. Schneider, S. K., O’donnell, L., Stueve, A., & Coulter, R. W. S. (2012). Cyberbullying, school bullying, and psychological distress: A regional census of high school students. American Journal of Public Health, 102(1), 171–177. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2011.300308
  23. Tokunaga, R. S. (2010). Following you home from school: A critical review and synthesis of research on cyberbullying victimization. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(3), 277–287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2009.11.014
  24. Topcua, Ç., & Erdur-Bakerb, Ö. (2018). RCBI-II: The second revision of the Revised Cyber Bullying Inventory. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 51(1), 32–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481756.2017.1395705
  25. Wiguna, T., Irawati Ismail, R., Sekartini, R., Setyawati Winarsih Rahardjo, N., Kaligis, F., Prabowo, A. L., & Hendarmo, R. (2018). The gender discrepancy in high-risk behaviour outcomes in adolescents who have experienced cyberbullying in Indonesia. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 37(July), 130–135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2018.08.021
  26. Williams, S. G., Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J., Wornell, C., & Finnegan, H. (2017). Adolescents Transitioning to High School: Sex Differences in Bullying Victimization Associated With Depressive Symptoms, Suicide Ideation, and Suicide Attempts. Journal of School Nursing, 33(6), 467–479. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059840516686840
  27. Yusuf, N. R., Sabarinah, & Thabrany, H. (2019). Development of a risk-factors questionnaire to assess suicidal ideation among high school students of DKI Jakarta Province, Indonesia. Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development, 10(8), 2147–2151. https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-5506.2019.02174.0
  28. Zych, I., Farrington, D. P., & Ttofi, M. M. (2019). Protective factors against bullying and cyberbullying: A systematic review of meta-analyses. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 45, 4–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2018.06.008