Efek Spiritual Emotional Freedom Techniqueterhadap Cemas dan Depresi, Sindrom Koroner Akut

Derison Marsinova Bakara, Kusman Ibrahim, Aat Sriati

Abstract


Sindrom koroner akut (SKA) merupakan penyakit jantung penyebab kematian. Gejala depresi, kecemasan, dan
stres meningkat pada pasien SKA. Gejala ini dapat memengaruhi proses pengobatan dan penyembuhan serta
menimbulkan komplikasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh SEFT terhadap penurunan gejala
depresi, kecemasan, dan stres pada pasien SKA yang dirawat di ruang rawat intensif jantung. Rancangan penelitian
menggunakan quasi eksperimen, teknik pengambilan sampel dengan consecutive sampling,sebanyak 42 orang.
Penetapan jumlah responsden untuk kontrol dan kelompok intervensi menggunakan number ramdom trial, sehingga
ditetapkan kelompok intervensi berjumlah 19 responsden dan untuk kelompok kontrol berjumlah 23 responsden.
Kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol diukur tingkat depresi, kecemasan, dan stres mengunakan kuesioner
The Depression Anxiety Stres Scales 21(DASS 21) kemudian pada kelompok intervensi diberikan intervensi SEFT
satu kali selama 15 menit dan diukur kembali tingkat depresi, kecemasan, dan stres pada kelompok intervensi dan
kelompok kontrol. Data dianalisis dengan Wilcoxon dan Mann Whitney. Hasil menunjukkan perbedaan yang bermakna
antara tingkat depresi, kecemasan, dan stres sebelum dan sesudah intervensi SEFT antara kelompok intervensi dan
kelompok kontrol (p<0.05). Intervensi SEFT membantu menurunkan depresi, kecemasan, dan stres pada pasien SKA.

Kata kunci:Depresi, intervensi SEFT, kecemasan, stres

 

Abstract
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a cause of heart disease deaths. Symptoms of depressi on anxiety, and
stres is increased in patients with ACS. These symptoms may affect treatment and healing processand cause
complications. This study aims to determine the effect of intervention Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique
(SEFT) to decrease depression, anxiety, and stres in patients with ACS who were treated in the cardiac intensive
care unit. The research design was quasi-experimental, and using consequtive sampling as sampling technique,
42 responsdents were divided into intervention and control groups. Determination the number of responsdents
for the control and intervention groups using a number ramdom trial, 19 responsdents intervention group and
23 responsdents the control group. Intervention group and control group measure levels of depression, anxiety,
and stres using questionnaires The Depression Anxiety Stres Scales 21 (DASS 21) later in the intervention
group was given SEFT intervention once for 15 minutes and measured return rates of depression, anxiety,
and stres in the intervention group and the control group. Data were analyzed with the Wilcoxon and Mann
Whitney. Results show significant differences between levels of depression, anxiety, and stres before and after
the intervention SEFT between the intervention group and the control group (p<0.05). SEFT interventions help
reduce depression, anxiety, and stres in patients with ACS. Limitations of this study is the difficulty in controlling
the characteristics of the responsdents as a confounding variable. This research benefits that SEFT interventions
can be used to reduce depression, anxiety, and stres in patients with ACS, and can be consider as one intervention.

Key words: Anxiety, depression, stres, SEFT Intervention


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v1i1.51

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v1i1.51.g48

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