Kebutuhan Spiritual pada Pasien Kanker
Kata kunci: Kanker, kebutuhan spiritual, pasien.
Spiritual Needs of Patients with Cancer
Cancer affects a patient’s various life aspects, physical, psychological, as well as spiritual. However, more often than not, nursing care focuses only on the physical aspect, and neglects the spiritual side. This study aimed to identify the types and levels of spiritual needs affecting cancer patients. This quantitative descriptive study involved 76 cancer patients, selected using accidental sampling method, who were undergoing treatment in a hospital in Bandung, West Java. Data were collected using Spiritual Needs Questionnaire 2.1 (SPNQ 2.1) consisting of Religious, Inner Peace, Existential, and Actively Giving aspects. To analyse data of spiritual needs, the study used distribution of frequency and percentage. Mean value was used to identify how important those spiritual needs were to respondents (1-1.9: somewhat needed, 2-2.9: fairly needed, 3: strongly needed). The results showed that on Religious aspect, “praying with others” and “having someone pray for me” have the highest percentage (96.05%). On Inner Peace, “living in a calm and peaceful place” and “finding inner peace” have the highest precentage (89.47%). On Existential aspect, “finding meaning in pain and suffering” has the highest percentage (94.74%). On Actively Giving, “becoming a loving person” has the highest percentage (89.47%). Those needs were identified as “fairly needed”, with the following mean values: Religious (2.28±0.47), Inner Peace (2.19±0.47), Existential (2.11±0,76), and Actively Giving (2.08±0,55). This study indicated all dimensions of spiritual aspects were needed by respondents and religious aspects were most needed.
Key words: Cancer, patient, spiritual needs.
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