Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang berhubungan Toilet Trainingpada Anak Prasekolah

Septian Andriyani, Kusman Ibrahim, Sri Wulandari

Abstract


Anak bukan dewasa kecil, anak menunjukkan ciri-ciri pertumbuhan dan perkembangan sesuai dengan usianya.
Toilet trainingperlu dilakukan selama anak berada dalam periode optimal untuk menghindari efek jangka panjang
seperti inkontinensia dan infeksi saluran kemih (ISK). Anak yang terbiasa memakai diaper sejak kecil akan
mengalami keterlambatan dalam toilet training. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang
berhubungan dengan keberhasilan toilet trainingpada anak usia 4–5 tahun (prasekolah). Jenis penelitian yang
digunakan deskriptif kuantitatif dengan rancangan cross sectional. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan
purposive samplingdengan jumlah 60 responden. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner dengan
analisis regresi logistik ganda. Jumlah responden yang berhasil dalam toilet training sebanyak 36 responden
(60%). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar responden memiliki pengetahuan kurang, menerapkan pola
asuh anak campuran, hampir seluruh responden mempunyai lingkungan baik dan sebagian besar anaknya berhasil
dalam toilet training, terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan, lingkungan dengan keberhasilan toilet trainingpada
anak usia prasekolah. Sedangkan pola asuh tidak menunjukkan hubungan dengan keberhasilan toilet training.
Faktor yang paling dominan memengaruhi keberhasilan toilet trainingadalah faktor lingkungan dengan nilai OR
29,615 dan p value0.005. Perawat sebagai tenaga kesehatan diharapkan dapat menjadi edukator kepada orangtua
tentang pentingnya toilet trainingpada anak dengan memerhatikan aspek lingkungan baik fisik maupun psikologis
dalam menunjang proses toilet training.

Kata kunci: Keberhasilan toilet training, lingkungan, pola asuh, pengetahuan, toilet training

 

Abstract
Children are not early adult, they describe their growth and development as their age. Toilet training is one of
development tasks in preschooler whom needed to be given to the children for avoid problem in urinating such as
incontinence urine infection in urinary tract. The children are used diaper early they must be done toilet training.
The aim of the research is to identify and test factors that interrelates with the success of toilet training arrange
4 to 5 years old (preschooler). This research used quantitative descriptive with cross sectional design, and used
purposive sampling technique. Data were collected using quesioner and analized with double logistic regression.
This research using sample are 60 mothers with children age 4-5 years old who came to pediatric policlinic of
Dustira`s hospital. It ‘s has result indicates that most respondents have lacked of knowledge,used mix parental
style, most of the sample has good environment considered their succeed in toilet training. There are related
between knowledge, environment and succeed in toilet training for children age 4-5 years old. Dominant factor
influenced the success of toilet training is environmental factor with score 29,615 and p value 0.005. It suggestion
that recommended nurse role as health power to expected whom can be educator to the parents for promoting
the importance of toilet training in children by paying attention on environmental aspect both physical and
psychological in providing toilet training process.

Key words: Toilet training, environment, Parental style, knowledge


Full Text:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v2i3.84

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v2i3.84.g80

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