Perilaku Self-Management Pasien Diabetes Melitus (DM)

Dwi Siwi Handayani, Kurniawan Yudianto, Titis Kurniawan

Abstract


Diabetes Melitus (DM) merupakan penyakit kronik, oleh karena itu peran self-managementsangat penting dalam
perawatan maupun pencegahan komplikasi akibat DM. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran perilaku
self- management.pasien DM dari aspek diet, medikasi, olahraga, pemantauan kadar gula darah dan perawatan kaki.
Sebanyak 94 responsden diambil secara acak. Perilaku self-managementdiukur menggunakan kuesioner yang
dikembangkan oleh penulis, dengan skor Alpha Chronbach 0,930 dan korelasi inter-item 0,385–0,797 dimana nilai
tersebut valid dan reliabel untuk uji instrumen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan lebih dari setengah responsden (64,9%)
melakukan lima aspek self-managementdengan baik. Hampir semua responsden (94,7%) melakukan medikasi dengan
baik, lebih dari setengah responsden melakukan diet (69,1%), olahraga (61,7%) dan perawatan kaki (77,7%) dengan
baik. Namun hanya 25,5% responsden yang melakukan pemantauan gula darah dengan baik. Hasil penelitian ini
dapat menjadi acuan bagi perawat untuk memberikan penyuluhan mengenai pentingnya pemantauan pada gula darah.

Kata kunci: Diabetes Melitus, perilaku, self-management

 

Abstract
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the serious health problems in Indonesia. Since DM is a chronic disease,
patients’ role (self-management) is very important either for treatment or DM-related complications prevention.
This study was purposed to determine the level of patients’ diabetes self-management behavior, including
diet, medication, exercise, blood glucose monitoring and foot care. Ninety-four responsdents were recruited
randomly by gave the informed consent to diabetes patients. The questionnaire was developed by the researcher,
with Chronbach Alpha 0,930 and inter-item correlation 0,385 to 0,797, which mean the instrument was valid
and reliable. The results showed that in five aspects, more than half of responsdents (64,9%) reported that
they performed good self-management. Almost all responsdents (94,7%) reported good medication, more
than half of responsdents did well in diet, exercise (61.7%) and foot care (77.7%). However, only 25.5%
responsdents who performed monitoring blood glucose levels properly. It called be good level when it fill
the score criteria of the answer.Therefore, it was recommended for nurses and the hospital to develop any
program to improve patients’ diabetes self-management behaviors, especially in the monitoring blood glucose.

Key words: Behavior, diabetes mellitus, self-management


Full Text:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v1i1.49

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v1i1.49.g46

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