Kualitas Hidup Pasien Pascaintervensi Koroner Perkutan

Remita Ully Hutagalung, F Sri Susilaningsih, Ai Mardiyah

Abstract


Penyakit jantung koroner adalah penyakit yang dapat mengancam kehidupan seseorang. Pelaksanaan tindakan
non bedah intervensi koroner perkutan pasien masih memiliki risiko terjadinya serangan berulang, stenosis dan
ancaman kematian. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi kualitas hidup pasien pascatindakan intervensi
koroner perkutan. Desain penelitian ini adalah potong lintang. Pengambilan sampel secara consecutive sampling
didapatkan 50 responden yaitu pasien yang sedang kontrol pascaintervensi coroner per kutan di Poliklinik Spesialis
Jantung RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung, penelitian ini dilakukan pada 1-14 November 2013. Kualitas hidup
diukur dengan instrumen WHOQOL-BREFdengan empat domain kualitas hidup yaitu domain fisik, psikologis,
sosial, dan lingkungan. Analisis menggunakan statistik deskripsi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa responden
memiliki kualitas hidup baik sebesar 50%. Perawat memiliki peran dalam membantu pasien mencapai kualitas
hidup yang optimal, diantaranya melalui peningkatan efikasi diri pasien melalui pendampingan dan pemberian
informasi dalam usaha mencapai kualitas hidup.

Kata kunci:Intervensi koroner perkutan, kualitas hidup, WHOQOL-BREF

 

Abstract
Coronary heart disease is a disease that can threaten person’s life, and can lead to the change of the quality of life.
This coronary heart disease can be solved with non-surgical called percutaneous coronary intervention. This action
will be normalized the quality of perfusion in the coronary arteries, which would certainly have an impact on the
quality of life of patients. The research objective was to observe the patient of quality of life after treatment on
intervention percutaneous coronary. The research design was cross sectional. There were 50 respondents taken
by consecutive sampling. Data were collected in outpatient room in RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung, who have
came with treatment routine schedule after percutaneous coronary intervention during November 1st–14th 2013.
The questionnaire use WHOQOL-BREF format with 26 questions that consisting of 4 domains of quality of life:
physical domain, psychological domain, social domain, and environment domain. Majority of patients were male
(74 %), with the range of age mostly 56-66 years ( 34 % ), married ( 96 % ), college education was the highest ( 66
% ), the majority had not a primary job like as housewife , retired, student, etc. ( 26 % ). Data were collected using
the questionnaire WHOQOL – BREF. The result have shown that rates of quality of life was good ( 50 % ) and
health condition after percutaneous coronary intervention neither satisfied nor dissatisfied ( 44 % ). Nurses have a
role in helping patients achieve optimal quality of life like giving information to patient correctly

Key words: Percutaneous coronary intervention, quality of life, WHOQOL – BREF


Full Text:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v2i1.77

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v2i1.77.g73

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