Efek Stimulasi Taktil Kinestetik erhadap Perkembangan Bayi Berat Badan Lahir Rendah

Dwi Hastuti, Juju Juhaeriah

Abstract


Perkembangan Bayi BBLR berisiko mengalami keterlambatan karena kondisi berat badan kurang dari 2500 gram, sehingga bayi mengalami proses adaptasi fisiologi yang berat. Salah satu proses adaptasi fisiologi yang harus tercapai pada BBLR adalah sistem thermoregulasi, pernapasan dan kardiovaskular. Bayi merupakan masa kritis (critical period) dimana merupakan waktu spesifik ketika sebuah peristiwa yang diberikan, atau ketiadaannya memiliki dampak terbesar terhadap perkembangan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi efektifitas stimulasi taktil-kinestetik terhadap perkembangan fisiologis (Suhu, Respirasi, Denyut Jantung) dan Berat Badan Bayi BBLR.
Penelitian menggunakan desain quasi-eksperimental, pre-test dan post-test non-equivalent control group 30 bayi BBLR diambil dengan teknik probability sampling. Intervensi stimulasi taktil-kinestetik dilakukan sekali dalam sehari selama 5 hari. Lembar observasi dan prosedur stimulasi taktil-kinestetik digunakan sebagai instrumen penelitian. Data tersebut dianalisa menggunakan uji Man Whitney dan uji t independent.
Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan perkembangan fisiologis suhu setelah intervensi (Post) pada Kelompok Intervensi dan Kontrol (p value 0,000); ada perbedaan yang signifikan Pernapasan Bayi BBLR setelah perawatan (Post) pada Kelompok Intervensi dan Kontrol (p value 0,037); ada perbedaan yang signifikan Denyut Jantung Bayi BBLR setelah perawatan (Post) pada Kelompok Intervensi dan Kontrol (p value 0,000); tidak ada perbedaan Berat Badan Bayi BBLR setelah perawatan (Post) pada Kelompok Intervensi dan Kontrol (p value 0,155).

Kata kunci: BBLR, perkembangan, Stimulasi Taktil-kinestetik.

 

Effect of Tactile-Kinesthetic Stimulation to Development of Low Birth Weight Babies 


Abstract

Low Birth Weight (LBW) in infant has risk of developmental delay due to conditions weighing less than 2500 grams, so that the infant suffered severe physiological adaptation process. One of the physiological adaptation processes that must be reached on LBW is thermoregulation system, respiratory and cardiovascular. Infant is a critical period which is a specific time when a given event, or lack thereof has the greatest impact on the development. The purpose of this study is to identify the effectiveness of tactile-kinesthetic stimulation to the development of physiological (temperature, respiration, heart rate) and Weight Infants LBW. The study used a quasi-experimental design, pre-test and post-test non-equivalent control group 30 LBW infants taken with probability sampling technique. Intervention tactile-kinesthetic stimulation is done once a day for 5 days. Observation sheet and tactile-kinesthetic stimulation procedures is used as a research instrument. Data were analyzed using Man Whitney test and independent t test. Statistical analysis showed significant differences physiological development of temperature after the intervention (Post) in the intervention and control groups (p value 0,000); No significant differences Babies Respiratory LBW after treatment (Post) in the intervention and control groups (p value 0,037); No significant differences Heartbeat LBW infants after treatment (Post) in the intervention and control groups (p value 0,000); there is no difference Weight LBW infants after treatment (Post) in the intervention and control groups (p value 0.155).

Keywords: Development, low birth weight, tactile-kinesthetic stimulation.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v4i1.138
Abstract view : 1214     PDF Downloads : 190

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v4i1.138.g119

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