Nursing Students’ Roles and Experiences of Disasters in A Nursing School

Sri Hindriyastuti, Jamie Ranse, Mayumi Kako, Alison Hutton

Abstract


Due to its location in the ‘Pacific Ring of Fire”, Indonesia is frequently prone to natural disasters. Therefore, Indonesian nurses need to have the ability to assist in disaster situations as they are considered an important element of the workforce in disaster preparedness and response. However, the current nursing curricula in Indonesia does not adequately prepare nurses to respond in these situations. The primary aim of this study is to understand the experiences of Master of Nursing students’ roles and experiences in disaster settings in a nursing school in East Java, Indonesia. A single-case study design has been used. Data colection occurred via semi-structured interviews. The participants were enrolled in the Master of Nursing in a School of Nursing at a University in East Java. The data for the study were thematically analysed. Four main themes were identified: ‘personal feelings’, ‘working outside their scope of practice’, ‘lack of disaster preparedness’, and ‘a lack of mental health knowledge and care’. This study found that the Master of Nursing students in a nursing school in East Java, Indonesia were not adequately prepared for responding to disaster situations. This study found that a lack of disaster preparedness, working outside scope of practice, and a lack of mental health knowledge were the prominent issues for these Master of Nursing students. As well as commencing disaster training earlier in their education, providing training in the psychological context of disaster preparedness is recommended.


Keywords


disaster; nursing; nursing role; nursing students; Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Red Cross. (2012). Disaster services connection #182. Retrieved from http://www/redcross.org/about-us/history/red-cross-american-history/nursing

Arbon, P., Bobrowski, C., Zeits, K., Hooper, C., Williams, J., & Thitchener, J. (2006). Australian nurses volunteering for the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake and tsunami of 2004: A review of experience and analysis of data collected by the Tsunami Volunteer Hotline. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 9(4), 171-178.

ASTHO. (2012). Scope of Practice Toolkit. Retrieved from http://www.astho.org/uploadedFiles/Programs/Preparedness/Public_Health_Emergency_Law/Scope_of_Practice_Toolkit/04-SOP%20S%20of%20Pract%20FS%203-12%20Final.pdf

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research Psychology, 3(2), 77-101.

Chapman, K., & Arbon, P. (2008). Are nurses ready? Disaster preparedness in the acute setting. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 11, 135-144.

Considine, J., Shaban, R., Patrick, J., Holzhauser, K., Aitken, P., Clark, M., & Fitzgerald, G. (2011). Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza in Australia:

absenteeism and redeployment of emergency medicine and nursing staff. Emergency Medicine Australia, 23, 615-623.

Cusack, L., Arbon, P., & Ranse, J. (2010). What is the role of nursing students and schools of nursing during disaster? A discussion paper. Collegian, 17(4), 193-197.

Fitzgerald, G., Shaban, R., Arbon, P., Aitken, P., Considine, J., Clark, M., & Hurst, C. (2010). Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Influenza Outbreak in Australia: impact on emergency departments. Queensland University of Technology.

Fothergill, A., Palumbo, M. V., Rambur, B., Reinier, K., & McIntosh, B. (2005). The volunteer potential of inactive nurses for disaster preparedness. Public Health Nursing, 22(5), 414-421.

Frank, I. (2001), Insight into a day of terror from an emergency nursing perspective. Journal Emergency Nursing, 27(6), 538-555.

Gebbie, K., & Qureshi, C. A. (2002). Emergency and disaster preparedness. The American Journal of Nursing, 102(1), 46-52.

Hammad, K. S., Arbon, P., Gebbie, K., & Hutton, A. (2012). Nursing in the emergency department (ED) during a disaster: a review of the current literature. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 15(4), 235-244.

Hentz, P. B. (2007). Case study: The method. In P.L Munhall (Ed.), Nursing research: A qualitative perspective (4th ed). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett.

Hutchinson, S. W., Haynes, S., Parker, P., Dennis, B., McLin., C., & Welldaregay, W. (2011). Implementing a Multidisciplinary Disaster Simulation for Undergraduate Nursing Students. Nursing Education Perspectives, 32(4), 240-243.

Ireland, M., Emerson, E., Kontzamanis., E., & Michel, C. (2006). Integrating Disaster Preparedness into a Community Health Nursing Course: One School's Experience. Disaster Management & Response, 4(3), 72-76.

Kaplan, B. G., Connor, A., Ferranti, E. P., Holmes, L., & Spencer, L. (2012). Use of an emergency preparedness disaster simulation with undergraduate nursing students. Public Health Nursing, 29(1), 44-51.

Montazeri, A., & Baradaran, H. (2005). Psychological distress among Bam earthquake survisors in Iran: a population based study. BMC Public Health, 5(1), 4.

Munhall, P. L. (2012). Nursing research: a qualitative perspective (5th ed.). United States of America: Jones and Barlett Publishers, Inc.

Nasrabadi, A. N., Naji, H., Mirzabeigi, G., & Dadbakhs, M. (2007). Earthquake relief: Iranian nurses’ responses in Bam, 2003, and lessons learned. International Nursing Review, 54(1), 13-18.

Olivia, F. W., Claudia, L. K., & Yuen, L.A. (2009). Nurses’ perception of disaster: implications for disaster nursing curriculum. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18(22), 3165-3171.

Oztekin, S. D., Larson, E. E., Altun Ugras, G., & Yuksel, S. (2013). Educational needs concerning disaster preparedness and response: A comparison of undergraduate nursing students from Istanbul, Turkey, and Miyazaki, Japan. Japan Journal of Nursing Science.

Peoples, K., Gebbie, K., & Hutton, A. (2016). An exploration of perceptions of disaster nursing and disaster preparedness amongst Australian nursing undergraduates. Health and Emergency Disaster Nursing, 2(4).

Ranse, J., Hutton, A., Jeeawody, B., & Wilson, R. (2014). What are the research needs for the field of disaster nursing? An international Delphi study. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 29(5), 1-7.

Ranse, J., Hutton, A., Wilson, R., & Usher, K. (2015). Leadership opportunities for mental health nurses in the field of disaster preparation, response, and recovery. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 36, 391-394.

Suserud, B. O. (1993). Acting at a disaster site: views expressed by Swedish nursing students. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 18, 613-620.

The Indonesian National Disaster Management Authority. (2015). Jakarta. Retrieved from http://www.bnpb.go.id/

United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction [UNISDR]. (2014). Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction. Retrieved from https://www.unisdr.org/we/inform/terminology

United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction [UNISDR]. (2014). 2015 disasters in numbers. Retrieved from https://www.unisdr.org/files/47804_2015disastertrendsinfographic.pdf

Usher, K., & Mayner, L. (2011). Disaster nursing: A descriptive survey of Australian undergraduate nursing curricula. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 14(2), 75-80.

Veenema, T. G. (2006). Expanding educational opportunities in disaster response and emergency preparedness for nurses. Nursing Education Perspectives, 27(2), 93.

Warsini, S., West, C., Mills, J., & Usher, K. (2014). The psychosocial impact of natural disasters among adult survivors: an integrative review. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 35, 420-436.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v7i1.997

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v7i1.997.g213

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JKP is indexed on:

http://jkp.fkep.unpad.ac.id/public/site/images/admin/IPI5.pnghttp://jkp.fkep.unpad.ac.id/public/site/images/admin/isjd1.png

 

Published By :


Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran
Jalan Raya Bandung-Sumedang Km. 21 Jatinangor, Sumedang, Indonesia 45363
WA: 085317736810

Tlp. 022-7795596 
Email: jkp.fkep@unpad.ac.id

Creative Commons License
JKP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License