Efek SuctionMelalui Catheter Mouth terhadap Saturasi Oksigen Pasien Cedera Kepala

Marlisa M, Ponpon S Idjradinata, Cecep Eli Kosasih

Abstract


Tindakan suction endotrachealpada pasien cedera kepala berat dapat menyebabkan terjadinya oxygen
desaturationarteri yang berakibat pada peningkatan intracranial pressure, pembengkakan otak dan hipoksemia
sistemikbahkan dapat menyebabkan kematian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh suplai
oksigen melalui catheter mouthsaat suction terhadap saturasi oksigen pada pasien cedera kepala yang terpasang
ventilator yang dirawat di ruang perawatan intensif. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian desain kuasi
eksperimen pendekatan pre dan post test dengan kelompok kontrol dan perlakuan. Jumlah sampel pada penelitian
ini adalah 40 responden yang dibagi menjadi kelompok perlakuan sebanyak 20 responden yang dipasang catheter
mouthdan kelompok kontrol sebanyak 20 responden tanpa menggunakan catheter mouth. Teknik sampel
menggunakan accidental sampling. Penurunan saturasi oksigen nilai thitung (-16,538) < ttabel (-2,024) dan
nilai p-value(0.000) < 0.05. Saturasi oksigen saat suctionpada kelompok kontrol dengan kelompok perlakuan
adalah memang berbeda secara nyata. Hasil penelitian ini dapat dijadikan evidence basedbagi perawat di
ruang intensif untuk meningkatkan pelayanan perawatan dalam melakukan tindakan suctionuntuk mengurangi
resiko terjadinya penurunan saturasi oksigen pada pasien cedera kepala berat yang terpasang ventilator.

Kata kunci : catheter mouth, suction,saturasi oksigen

 

Abstract
The intervention of endotracheal suction to patients with the severe head injury may have effected to oxygen
desaturation in arteries. The oxygen desaturation process could be impacted to increase the intracranial pressure,
brain’s swelling, hypoxemia systemic, and deaths. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of the oxygen supply
via oral catheterization in the suction process to the oxygen saturation level in the patient with the severe head
injury who using ventilator. This research has been conducted in the intensive care unit. This study was applied
the quasi experiment design using pre and post-test. Samples were chosen using accidental sampling. There were
two groups of samples, the first group was the intervention group with 20 respondents using oral catheterization,
and the second group was the control group with 20 respondents. The result showed that the oxygen saturation
was reduced with t value (-16.538) < t table (-2.024), and p value (0.000) < 0.05. The oxygen saturation was
significantly different between two groups. This study could be an evidence that nurses should enhance their
services to reduce the risk of decreasing the oxygen saturation in the severe head injury patient who using ventilator.

Key words:Catheter Mouth, oxygen saturation, suction


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.24198/jkp.v1i3.64

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


This Journal is indexed on:

 http://jkp.fkep.unpad.ac.id/public/site/images/admin/IPI5.png http://jkp.fkep.unpad.ac.id/public/site/images/admin/isjd1.png    

 

Creative Commons License
JKP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

 


http://www.statistics.jkp.fkep.unpad.ac.id