Diabetes Self-Management and Its related Factors

Titis Kurniawan, Kurniawan Yudianto


Self-management is essential in preventing complications among patients with Diabetes Mellitus. The behaviour
of patients to implement Diabetes Self-Management (DSM) is influenced by several factors which needs
further study. This descriptive study aimed to identify factors contributing to DSM among patients with Type
2 Diabetes Mellitus (DMT2). 94 respondents were recruited using randomized sampling obtained from an
inpatient unit in one hospital in West Java province. Self-rating instruments were used to identify demography
data, knowledge about DSM, self-efficacy scale, and DSM questionnaire. Descriptive analysis was conducted
to explain demography data, knowledge, self-efficacy and DSM. Findings indicated respondents demonstrated
moderate level of knowledge (M=7,53), and self-efficacy (M=34,8), and high level of DSM (M=89,28).
Post-hoc analysis demonstrated a significant relationship between age (r=-0,209); p=0,043), education level
(p=0,008), and self-efficacy (r=0,214; p= 0,038). No significant relationship was not identified with DSM
(r=0,317; p=0,187). It is concluded that age, level of education, and self-efficacy were contributed to DSM.


Contributing factors, diabetes mellitus, self-management.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v4i3.289
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