Analisis Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Burnout pada Perawat Kesehatan Jiwa

Iwan . M Ramdan, Oktavian Nursan Fadly

Abstract


Perawat merupakan kelompok tenaga kesehatan yang berisiko mengalami burnout. Faktor-fakor yang
memengaruhi kejadian burnoutpada perawat masih perlu diteliti lebih lanjut karena karakteristik perawat dan
lingkungan kerjanya di setiap negara tidak sama. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan umur, jenis
kelamin, status kepegawaian, beban kerja, dukungan keluarga dan kepemimpian dengan burnoutperawat, dan
menganalisis variabel yang paling berpengaruh. Penelitian Cross Sectionaldilakukan terhadap 125 orang perawat
di Rumah Sakit Atma Husada (RS AH) Samarinda. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner dan analisis data
menggunakan uji statistikchi squaredan analisis regresi logistik berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 56%
perawat di RS AH Samarinda mengalami burnout, variabel jenis kelamin (p=0.000), status kepegawaian (p=0.034),
beban kerja, (p=0.022), dukungan keluarga (p=0.000), dan kepemimpinan (p=0.000) berhubungan dengan
burnout, sedangkan umur tidak berhubungan dengan burnout(p=0.426). Dukungan keluarga mempunyai pengaruh
yang paling besar terhadap burnoutperawat (nilai OR 17.87), disusul dengan variabel kepemimpinan (nilai OR
14.92) dan beban kerja (nilai OR 2.36). Rumah sakit disarankan untuk melakukan perbaikan sistem kerja untuk
mengurangi beban kerja, meningkatkan dukungan sosial keluarga, dan memperbaiki efektivitas kepemimpinan.
Kata kunci : Burnoutperawat, dukungan keluarga, kepemimpinan, status kepegawaian.
Analysis Factors that are Related to Burnout in Mental Health Nurses
Abstract
Nurses are a group of health professionals who are at risk to experience burnout. Factors that are influenced
the incident of burnout to nurses need to be investigated further because nurses’ characteristics and work
environment are different in every country. This study aimed to analyze relationship of age, gender, employee
status, work load, family support, and leadership with burnout among nurses, as well as to analyze the most
influencing variable. Cross Sectional study were conducted among 125 nurses in Atma Husada Hospital
(RS AH) Samarinda. Questionnaires were used for data collection. The data were analyzed using Chi-square
test and multiple logistic regression. The results showed that 56% nurses at RS AH Samarinda experienced
burnout, variables gender (p=0.000), employee status (p=0.034), work load (p=0.022), family support
(p=0.000), and leaderships (p=0.000) are related to burnout, while ages is not related to burnout (p=0.426).
Family support has the biggest influence towards the nurses’ burnout (OR=17.87), followed by leaderships
variable (OR= 14.92) and work load (OR= 2.36). Hospitals are suggested to improve the working system in
order to reduce work load, increased family social support, and improve the effectiveness of leadership.
Keywords:Burnout of nurses, employee status, family support, and leaderships.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v4i2.240

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v4i2.240.g128

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