nalysis of Factors Affecting Low Back Pain in ICU Nurses in Hospitals
ntroduction. Low back pain is a pain syndrome that is often felt in the lower back region accompanied by spreading to the legs. It is often associated with work-related musculoskeletal disorders. This condition is often experienced by the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) nurses, both mild to severe LBP, which affect the productivity and physical work of the nurse. Aim. To analyze and explore the factors that affected the number of low back pain incidents in Intensive Care Unit nurses in hospitals in the Province of Banten. Method. This cross-sectional study used the correlation analysis; total sampling was applied in this study with a total sample of 82 respondents. Data collection used the LKQ questionnaire (Low back pain Knowledge Questions) and observation sheets. Data analysis used the Chi-square and multiple logistic regression analysis with prediction models. Results. Knowledge factor p (0.001), height p (0.021), night shift frequency p (0.003), and weight with a p-value (0.021) had a significant relationship with low back pain, whereas the ICU space environment factor p (0.668), work period p (0.462), and age p (0.079) did not have a significant relationship with low back pain. From related factors, knowledge had the most significant relationship with low back pain incident (OR = 38.62). Conclusion. This study proves that knowledge, height, weight, and frequency of night shifts have a significant influence on LBP incidents in ICU nurses and the nurse’s knowledge factor is the most influential factor of low back pain incident in ICU nurses. Suggestions. Increase the ICU nurse’s knowledge about body biomechanics by education in the form of training and making fixed procedure standards. The addition of the number of ICU nurses to reduce the amount of excessive night shift burden, conduct selection and criteria for nurses working in the ICU.
Background. Low back pain in nurses intensive care unit (ICU) is a work related musculoskeletal disorders where pain is felt in the lower back area spread to the legs. Factors that contribute to low back pain are nurse knowledge, ICU environment, age, height, weight, night service, and work periode of ICU nurse.
Aims. To explore factors that affect the incidence of low back pain on nurses Intensive Care Unit Hospital in the province of Banten. The research was correlation analytic with cross sectional approach, the sample was 82 nurses ICU, with total sampling. Data collection using questionnaires and observations. Data analysis using Chi-square and multiple logistic regression analysis with prediction model.
Results. The knowledge p (0.001), height p (0.021), night service frequency p (0.003), and weight p (0.021) have a significant relationship with low back pain. While the ICU environment p (0.668), work periode p (0,462), and age p (0,079) does not have a significant association with low back pain. Knowledge have the most significant relationship with the incidence of low back pain (OR = 38.62).
Conclusions. Have a significant influence that are the knowledge, height, weight, and frequency of night service. Knowledge is the factor that most affect the incidence of low back pain on ICU nurses.
Suggestions. To improve knowledge about the principles of body biomechanics through education activities, training and making standard operating procedures. The addition number of ICU nurses may reduce amount of night work load, selecting and criteria for nurses working in the ICU.
Keywords: ICU, low back pain, nurse.
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